Activate Functional Area Substitution – OBBZ

Financial Accounting -> Financial Accounting Global Settings -> Company Code -> Prepare Cost of Sales Accounting

Transaction Code: OBBZ

OBBZ takes you specifically to the FI substitution application area for the Cost of Sales accounting callup point. You can also use GGB4 which manages activation of all substitutions in the system for any application area or callup point.

  1. Enter the four-character identifier for the company code (CC) for which you want to activate the substitution. As with the validations, you can only have one substitution active per company code per callup point.
  2. Enter the callup point at which you want your substitution to be executed.
  3. Enter the identifier of the substitution that you wish to activate.
  4. The description field fills in automatically based on the substitution that you choose.
  5. Enter the activation level for which you which you would like to activate the validation. There are three codes to simplify your entry:
    1. 0: Not Active (validation will not execute)
    2. 1: Activated at all levels throughout the system
    3. 2: Activated at all levels throughout the system except for batch input

Create Sets – GS01

A set is used in order to specify a range of G/L account numbers. Sets simply hold a number of values for a field. Sets are used in the same way that arrays are used in standard programming. Although there are several types of sets, the basic set is described below.

Information Systems -> Ad Hoc Reports -> Report Painter -> Report Writer -> Set Create

Transaction Code: GS01

  1. Enter the 12-character alphanumeric identifier of your set in the Set ID box. This is the set name that you will refer to when using the set.
  2. Enter the name of the table that contains the field you want to create the set for in the Table box. This field and others like it appears in many different tables. It is important to know which table is being used at the time you are using the set. For example, we are creating a set for the field HKONT (G/L account number). HKONT appears in BSEG, COBL, ACCIT, and many other tables. As you already know from selecting the field to substitute earlier, table ACCIT is being read in our substitution, and we will use this table to create our set.

Once HKONT is selected, enter the description in the next screen and click the Basic Entries button to select values to include in your set.

Saks Apparel has decided to use five different functional areas to analyze individual expense accounts:




Research & Development


Saks apparel will be utilizing cost centers to capture all of its expenses. Because it is using cost centers, we will use an attribute of cost center (cost center type) to populate our functional area on postings. You can use other fields in your substitution, but cost center makes the most sense for Saks Apparel. In the configured substitution, we created and used a set of all expense G/L accounts and the cost center type field (CSKSV-KOSAR). Although only one substitution step was shown, a separate step for each functional area was configured. A mapping of cost center type to functional location follows:

Cost Center Type

Functional Areas

W: Administration


M: Marketing


F: Production


R: R&D


V: Sales



Next step is to activate the substitution

Integration of FI with MM and SD

All Materials in SAP have a material master and material master is the heart of all integration.

This material master has various views right from Basic views to Purchasing views, production, sales and distribution and accounting and controlling views. We will not get into the detail of 
In the accounting view of Material master amongst other values we have a Valuation Class field. This Valuation class is the vital link which ensures that Accounting documents are posted automatically. Every material will have a valuation class field. Examples of Valuation Class could be Finished Goods,Semi Finished goods, Raw Material etc.
In transaction MM03, type in the material number and click on accounting 1 view – here the valuation class will be displayed. 
All Material movements in MM happen with respect to a Movement Type.  
For eg 
Goods receipt is defined with movement type  – 101
Goods issue to production order is defined with movement type – 261
Scrapping of goods is defined with movement type – 551
Goods delivered to the customer with movement type – 601
Initial upload of stock is defined with movement type – 561
The combination of valuation class and the movement type helps in determining the GL accounts. 

How To Use SAP FI Module

Five previous IBM workers in Mannheim, Germany were the 1st ones to start SAP or Applications and Products in 1972. It is the biggest inter-enterprise software company in the universe. It was a different idea from SAP to provide customers the capability to process unitedly with a ordinary corporate database for massive ranging applications. As a matter of fact a amount of big organisations like IBM and Microsoft are taking the help of SAP products today, for the easy working of their business.

SAP applications have been set up around the R/3 system, which makes it efficient to handle production operations and materials, financial and cost accounting, personnel and other archived documents. SAP in plain words is a answer for planning the resource of the corporation by taking the several procedures of the corporation unitedly.

A fresh package has been established explicitly for financial issue acknowledged as SAP FI module. It has been projected specifically to see comprehensive accounting and financial requirement of the business. The financial situation of a company can be evaluated by the financial managers of the enterprise in existing time with the assistance of this module. With the facility open by the procedures of the SAP FI modules, it is attend the financial managing director to come up with decisions which are more positive for the company and they can also make estimated programmes. The SAP FI module has the capacity to amalgamate with different facets of the corporation like human resource, materials management, sales, production planning and different vital modules.

There are numerous main requirements which the company has to see if they plan to acquire the help of this SAP module. A structure has to be planned in the organization which has to be managed well by the several coaches. This structure is developed by taking the organization, client, business region configurations in mind. The client unit is the top unit in a SAP system and it has every essential and legal records including the tables.

In Fact there are a number of sub modules of the SAP FI Module and are taken into use as per the essential of the enterprise. These can be named as:

Travel Management
Accounts Payable
Funds Management
Special Purpose Ledger
Asset Accounting
General Ledger
Accounts Receivables
Bank Accounting

There is no doubt that putting SAP into service is an pricey suggestion. But then the rewards far outweigh the money which you spend on this. This makes the task of every of your coaches much easier and the time they save is money gained for your company. As a matter of fact you can redeem a great deal more than you always thought. Testimonials of the customers who are using the different applications of SAP including SAP FI modules will validate the truth. It is possible to negotiate the price with SAP and it too counts on whatsoever things like the number of individuals who will utilize etc.

SAP is famous among the people who use it as a wholly integrated system. You should study about all the tips of integration in the new SAP FI Module to be able to manage the software good enough. The units of company are much easier classified in SAP FI Module compared to the other SAP modules.